In automobiles, suspension refers to the system of components that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows for relative motion between the two. The primary function of a car’s suspension system is to provide a smooth and comfortable ride, while also maintaining traction and handling stability.
- Springs: which absorb shocks and vibrations from the road surface.
- Shock absorbers: Dampen the motion of the springs and prevent bouncing.
- Control arms: these keep the wheels in proper alignment and allow them to move up and down.
- Stabilizer bars: which reduce body roll during cornering.
- Ball joints allow the control arms to pivot and maintain the wheels’ alignment.
The suspension system allows the vehicle to maintain contact with the road surface, providing stability and safety. It also helps in reducing the impact of rough roads on the vehicle and the passengers, providing a more comfortable ride.