What is a text structure | why is text structure important

A text structure is an assembly or structure design through which an author arranges the gathered information and data in the written text.

Or text structure refers to how the information in a written text is organized and presented to the reader. Different texts can have different structures depending on their purpose, audience, and content. Some common text structures include:

  1. Chronological order
  2. Cause and effect
  3. Compare and contrast
  4. Problem and solution
  5. Description
  6. Sequence or process
  7. Spatial order

Selecting the proper structure according to the data helps in the correct assembly of the information so that everyone can get the right meaning of the text. 

why is text structure important?

The text structure is important because it helps readers to better understand and retain the information presented in a written text.

When a text has a clear and effective structure, it can make the content more accessible and easier to follow for the reader. Here are a few reasons why text structure is important:

  1. Improves comprehension
  2. Helps readers anticipate information
  3. Supports critical thinking
  4. Enhances writing skills

Types of Text Structure

Different text structures discuss above and here is brief information about these structures. The text organization here presents the type of writing material. The text organization here presents the type of writing material.

1. Description

This type of writing style is straightforward. Descriptive text structure describes the characteristics of some subjects using vivid and clear language to help the reader in making a mental picture of the entire scenario.

The main purpose of this writing is to teach the readers by presenting information about the importance of the topic in question by quoting relevant examples.

As the descriptive text structure incorporates figurative language to enhance the reader’s comprehension by providing a visual representation of the ideas so we use it in fiction and non-fiction writings as well.

Descriptive texts are present everywhere, whether novels, literary works, news, science books, or articles because the entire point is to present information regarding the topic.

A descriptive text may include words or phrases of orientation, such as above, in fact, for example, can be, is, contain, involves, defined, for instance, also, makeup, next to, or on top of.

For example:

Every year in July, the top bicyclists from around the world occur in a difficult 23-day race in France called the Tour de France.

classroom Structure

2. Cause and Effect

This structure is the most versatile of all the non-fiction text types used that aims to present a direct relationship between a specific event, idea, or concept that follows or explains the reasons that lead towards the happening of that event.  

We can identify the cause-and-effect text structure by spotting the following key points:

  • A main event happened
  • Those additional events happened after the main event.
  • Some signaling words such as since, because of, result, cause, lead to, consequence, and accordingly.

This type of essay shows cause-and-effect relationships that exist using these above signaling words.

For example:

  • Since the Sahara Desert is so hot and dry, it is mostly uninhabited.
  • After a law went into a place that gave a huge tax break to companies that did their filming in Georgia, many Hollywood producers moved their movie sets to Georgia.
why text structure is important

3. Compare and Contrast

 This structure examines the similarities among items, events, or people through comparison and differences among them through contrast. We see this structure mainly in nonfiction writing.

The compare and contrast structure outlines biases toward a point because the writer uses some specific examples to support and illustrate his thinking.

Writers can use some graphic organizers, such as a Venn diagram, a table, or compare/contrast organizer, to describe features in different categories. 

We can easily identify this compare-and-contrast structure by locating different organizational words in the text, such as comparable, also, alike, however, in common, despite, similar, difference, although, just as, both, otherwise, but, and instead.

For example:

  • A palm tree needs a lot more water than a cactus does in order to survive.
  • Butter, flour, sugar, and eggs are important ingredients in both cupcakes and cakes.

4. Problem and Solution

A text structure that first presents a problem, offers various solutions to that problem, and then discusses the effects of the solution, makes up a problem and solution structure.

Writers often use this style in persuasive or rhetorical writing, so it also shows the biases of the writer because he/she may advocate a preferred solution more than others. We can identify a problem and solution structure by noticing any of the following conditions in the text:

  • By locating the topic sentence that introduces a problem,
  • Checking those sentences that suggest potential solutions, or
  • By identifying certain words such as problem, solve, therefore, so, and then.

For example:

  • If you have trouble falling asleep at night, try avoiding technology like TVs, tablets, and video games an hour before your bedtime; this might help you fall asleep more easily.
  • People with bad eyesight struggle to see objects clearly, but glasses or contacts will help them see better.

5. Sequence or Chronological

A chronological structure uses the time, numerical, or spatial arrangement of the text to deliver the meaning. Both fiction and nonfiction writings can follow this chronological order.

A writer presents a true story using a series of events that happened, so this type of writing style is used to write biographies and historical events or to discuss a step-by-step procedure (process). 

A text that uses chronological structure includes some transition words, such as first, second, third, after, now, before, then, following, next, during, finally, while, meanwhile, last, not long, and when. These sequential words describe the passage of time.

For example:

  1. Wilbur and Orville Wright opened a bicycle shop in 1892, then began experimenting with gliders in 1900 and flew an airplane successfully for the first time in 1903.

2. To publish a book, you must first write your book and edit it, then design a book cover, and finally, have it published.

What is text structure


A structure in which a writer organizes his work to benefit the reader in an understanding of the underlying meaning of the written text.

According to researchers, there are five types of text structure. These are Sequence, Compare and Contrast, Cause and Effect, Problem and Solution, and Description.

A sequence text structure is a type of organizational structure used in writing to present information as a series of steps or stages in a particular process or event.

This type of text structure is commonly used in technical writing, instructional writing, and in describing processes or procedures.


It plays a critical role in effective communication, allowing readers to understand and retain information more easily. A clear and effective text structure can improve comprehension, support critical thinking, and enhance writing skills.

There are several types of text structure, including chronological order, cause and effect, compare and contrast, problem and solution, description, sequence or process, and spatial order.

Overall, understanding text structure is an important skill for both readers and writers.

By recognizing and utilizing the different types of text structure, readers can improve their ability to comprehend and retain information, while writers can improve their ability to communicate their ideas effectively.

We hope you enjoy the article on text structure, importance, and types of text structure.

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